A Notion and Forms of International Criminal Justice Assistance with Special Emphasis on Rights of Suspects and the Accused in an Extradition Proceeding
Abstract: One of the forms of international cooperation among States in fighting against criminality is to provide for mutual legal assistance in criminal matters. International criminal justice assistance includes a set of different actions and measures undertaken by judicial and other state bodies in order to achieve the cooperation among States to exercise criminal justice system. This cooperation takes place on the basis of international and national legislation. Due to the increasing number of these regulations, the phrase “Law on International Criminal Justice Assistance” could be increasingly used today which is therefore becoming completely formed and recognizable legal field. Fundamental international documents on providing for international criminal justice assistance are: the European Convention on Extradition with additional protocols (1957), the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters with additional protocols (1959), the European Convention on the International Validity of Criminal Judgments (1970) and the European Convention on the Transfer of Proceedings in Criminal Matters (1972). The main domestic legal act in Bosnia and Herzegovina is the Act on International Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (ZMPPKS). In addition to these already mentioned legal acts, basic principles of international criminal justice cooperation are also very significant: identity of norm, reciprocity, ability of extradition, the principle locus regit actum and the principle ne bis in idem.
International Burch University